What is a Sociopath?

A Sociopath is someone who does not have a conscience, or at least an extremely undeveloped one. – “from source Sociopath definition” (1)

Our conscience is our “moral compass.” It is the inbuilt feeling of right and wrong. We don’t have any choice over it. It makes us feel guilty when we harm other people, and makes us feel good when we help them. It bonds us together. It means that people cannot recklessly pursue their own interests, regardless of the long term interests of the group they belong to.

But for a small part of the population – as much as 4 in every 100 people – this never develops. The result is someone free from conscience – free from this natural behavioural breaking system that protects the interests of the wider group in which they belong.

The lack of this relatively fundamental aspect of being human has some remarkable consequences, many of which may seem counter-intuitive.

In virtually all other cases, the lack of something that everyone else has would be classed as a disability – and cause the person to perform poorer than most other people in society. However, the lack of a conscience seems to have the opposite effect – Sociopaths are able to succeed in many aspects of business, politics and society beyond what most people could expect.

But they do so at a tremendous cost to the rest of society. They ruthlessly pursue their own aims, and causing untold damage to those that get in their way. Those unlucky to cross their path can be left with psychological and financial issues that will never be repaired. Countless individuals commit suicide every year, after their run-in left them literally losing the will to live.

You may think that such an individual would be easy to spot. But the greatest threat they pose to the rest of society is that they are incredibly difficult to identify. Even to those that are harmed the most, there is a great unwillingness to accept the truth. They insist that the person is misunderstood, or “under a lot of stress”

It’s often not until the person has moved on that the true extent of their actions becomes apparent. And in nearly all cases, there is a genuine sense of disbelief that the person they all trusted could do such things. “He was the nicest guy I ever knew.”

We naturally want to give people the benefit of the doubt – this is something that almost all people with a conscience do. This is a key point to understand – Sociopaths use our own conscience against us. They tug on our heartstrings, using pity and guilt to lead others anywhere they want.

Even when the evidence is right in front of our faces, we can’t accept that they really don’t care about us or the group they claim to be so loyal to.

Given the above, the question that almost everyone has (“How do you spot a Sociopath”) has no easy answer. But there are some clues.

Almost everyone makes one of two basic mistakes – either overestimating or underestimating the number of sociopaths around them.

People that have never learned what a Sociopath is think that they are the 1-in-a-million serial killer they see on the news. They make the arrogant assumption that they’d never be stupid to fall victim to such a person, and would be able to spot them a mile off.

However, once people begin to learn about Sociopathy, they then do the opposite – by labelling everyone they don’t get on with a sociopath.


Act For Libraries

New Advancements for Ultrasound Techs

Ultrasound techs work in one of the most technologically advanced industries that is prone to further medical advancements every year.  One of the most recent discoveries in the sonography world is that a small placenta can critically endanger a fetus by limiting the amount of food and oxygen it receives.  The New York Times wrote an article delving into this new discovery last year on how to become an ultrasound technician, citing the research that Yale scientists had developed to measure the volume of the placenta during pregnancy.  Using an ultrasound, doctors are now able to measure the volume of the placenta in a similar manner as many of us measure the fuel in a gas gauge.

Ultrasound techs are the main factor in this new discovery and are the people who must carefully monitor the volume and level of the placenta to ensure that the baby is born without any complications.  Quoting different doctors who participated in the research the Yale scientists conducted, the Times article demonstrates that this technique allows ultrasound techs and doctors to be able to act before the levels reach a critical point.  Still comparing the research to a fuel tank, the doctors liken the volume in a placenta to the moment before your car runs out of gas.  It is a frightening thought for many first-time mothers who may have been told that they have a small placenta for maintaining a fetus.  However, Dr. Harvey Kliman and his father, Merwin Kliman, were able to derive a formula for finding the placenta’s volume using measurements taken from an ordinary ultrasound halfway through the pregnancy.

They use these measurements to determine the placenta’s height, width, and thickness at maximum height and ensure that the fetus is still able to absorb enough nutrients.  Dr. Kliman cited a few problems with the shape of the placenta, but inevitably said that this formula can be programmed into any ultrasound machine, stepping up the responsibilities of an ultrasound tech and leaving new mothers with a new peace of mind.  The past few years have seen a flurry of activities with the usage of ultrasounds, and this is only the latest step of many that have indicated how much we now rely on the knowledge of ultrasound techs and doctors who help interpret the ultrasounds.  We have come a long way from the first days of ultrasound technology (we thought it was amazing back then!) and who knows what the next few years will bring.

Common Dry Cough Causes

Many people with no information on dry cough causes may take it as a small issue and end up ignoring about it, while some may think it is a very serious disease and fear they might lose their lives. There are various causes about coughs I am going to discuss, to help you in taking the right steps while experiencing this kind of problem. One of the major dry cough causes is viral infections. If your cough is accompanied by other diseases, for example headache, fever and body ache, it is likely that your dry cough is caused by viruses. This requires quick doctor consultation, in order for the problem to be solved.

Another major cause is medication. This includes those people who use drugs for example blood pressure drugs. Another major cause is weather. This is caused by too much humidity in the air, which blocks or closes the mucus membrane which causes throat irritation leading to dry coughs. Asthma is also another major dry cough cause, where many people suffering from it, experience this dry coughs. These and more others are the major dry cough causes, and if you are experiencing dry coughs, it is important you see a doctor.

What are Tonsil Stones

Tonsil Stones: Definition, Causes, and Symptoms

This question is the commonly asked question by patients to doctor when they come to know that they have tonsil stones. Tonsil stone, which is also known as tonsillolith, is white or yellow coloured cluster of mucus and bacteria that get held in the back side of the throat. These stones are crypts that form in the narrow track or cracks of the tonsils. They may be hard and even painful in some people. Before getting into details of what are tonsil stones, and what are their symptoms it is important to know about tonsils.

Tonsils are cavity like structures in the backside of the throat. Tonsils are made of body tissues known as lymphocytes, which fight with the infection and improve immune system of a person by filtering out bacteria and other virus from throat. Surprisingly, many people do not at all know about the definition.


Nowadays, what are the stones made of? It’s not a difficult and unanswered question anymore. Most of the medical experts believe that these tonsil stones are because of trapped food debris in tonsils along with bacteria and other material. This debris is calcified or hardened like stones called tonsilloliths. Many people have small tonsil stones and having large and calcified stone is rare, but possible in few cases.


The question after what are tonsil stones made of, is followed by what are its symptoms. In case of small stones, the symptoms are not present or are not noticeable. However, in case of large stone formation in tonsils, X- ray or CT scan helps in diagnosis of such problem. Though there are many symptoms, some prominent symptoms are:

Sore throat– It becomes difficult to identify the reason of pain in throat when the tonsil stones are formed. It may be because of infection or because of the presence of stones. However, tonsil stone may cause pain in the region where it is formed. People sometimes mistaken tonsil stones as symptoms of strep throat.

White debris– These are white or yellow coloured solid lumps hidden in the layers of tonsils. These are usually food debris along with bacteria. You can detect them only with the help of non-invasive scanning techniques such as CT Scans.

Bad breath– Bad breath is the main indicator! A very bad smelled breath may be a cause of this condition. This smell is created due to mixing of volatile sulphur compounds and bacteria with postnasal drip. After thorough research, medical experts concluded that, the people having abnormally high levels of these compounds might also have tonsil stones.

What Causes Bronchitis

Acute Bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is caused by lung irritants and infection.The same viruses that causes the flu and cold are mostly the main cause of acute bronchitis. Occasionally, bacteria can also cause acute bronchitis.

There are Substances that can irritate your airways and lungs, thus raising the risk factor for acute bronchitis.

Some examples are; exposure to tobacco smoke, fumes, dust, vapors, or air pollution while inhaling, raises your risk for acute bronchitis. These lung and airway irritants usually make the symptoms worse.

Exposure to a high level of dust or fumes, such as explosion or a big fire, also may lead to acute bronchitis.

Chronic Bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is caused by repeatedly breathing in fumes and other lung irritants that irritate and damage airway and lung tissue. Smoking is the number one cause of chronic bronchitis.

Intake of air pollution, fumes and dust from the work place or environment can also lead to chronic bronchitis.

People who have chronic bronchitis goes through periods when the signs and symptoms become much more severe. During this period, they may also obtain viral or bacterial bronchitis.



Master Cleanse

For over 50 years the Master Cleanse has been used as a way to rejuvenate the body, lose weight and help certain health problems too. Since it has so many benefits you may be wondering why everyone isn’t doing it so they can look and feel fabulous. The truth is that while the cleansing is effective, it is also hard and most people won’t even last a day on it. The plan is that for 10 days you make and drink this Master Cleanse lemonade that substitutes all other meals for the day.

Can you handle The Master Cleanse?

The lemonade itself has quite a kick with lemon juice, maple syrup, water and cayenne pepper all mixed into one serving. On the cleansing diet you have to drink 6 to 12 servings a day of the lemonade so if you do not like spicy drinks or spicy things in general than you may want to buy the cayenne pepper capsules instead of mixing in the pepper itself. The lemonade will of course taste foreign at first, but once you have drunk a couple of servings you quickly get used to it. The side effects that you are going to feel a day or two into the detox cleansing will be the ultimate test of your patience.

However, once you get past that initial shock of change the cleanse can do quite a bit for you. Your metabolism and appetite will be stabilized, you will have much more energy, and the best thing is that you hopefully shift all of those nasty habits out the window. One of the biggest health benefits that doing a cleanse detox like this one is that it can actually decrease the inflammation in joints. For people suffering with arthritis that is a great perk. In literally just 10 days the master cleanse detox will work its magic and you can start to experience all of those things.

Master Cleanse in 10 Days?

Just like any machine, our body does need a tune up and cleaning every now and then. Plus, with the poor “Western diets” that most of us indulge is doesn’t help the bad toxin build up either. No matter how long you have been choosing poor living and eating habits, the Cleanse can change that in just 10 days. To most of us out there this sounds crazy and way too good to be true, but when we allow ourselves to try new things we may become surprised. You will not only feel better but you will start to look better too.

You want to be aware of everything you will go through on a cleanse like this. For 10 days you will not be able to eat the fast food or take out that you are used to. Instead you get to drink a spicy lemonade drink that is proven to be worth so much more than its initial taste. If you want to change and rejuvenate yourself then try out the Master Cleanse by following the correct step by step procedures.

Beyonce’s Cayenne Pepper Diet

Weight loss is a hot topic in offices, homes, gyms and in the news-especially the entertainment news, where many celebrities have developed their own weight loss plans by accident and by design. These weight loss systems, plans and products can have varying results because many of the celebrities who develop them are not experts in the field of sports or nutrition. It is for this reason that we believe consumers need to educate themselves regarding these products before starting them to see if they are viable and safe.

Who among us has not seen Beyonce sing or act in some venue or seen her in the news? Her recent weight loss has generated a frenzy among fans, reporters and the average dieter because she reportedly lost 10 pounds in a week or 10 days to fulfill the criteria for role she was playing. We will thoroughly review the system she used to see if it is feasible and safe for the average dieter.


The concept Beyonce cayenne pepper diet plan used was very simple and was apply called the “maple syrup diet” because she mixed this tasty syrup with water, lemon juice and cayenne pepper; and drank it as a meal for a period that many lasted days-and it was her only sustenance.


This diet was not designed by Beyonce, but merely used by her. Prior to her involvement this system was not a “diet” as we know them, but it was designed to be a cleansing fast. It is commonly known as the Master cleanse, which was developed by Stanley Burroughs, an alternative medical practitioner, who originally developed this diet to treat ulcers. It was not originally intended to be a diet system, but a method to “heal the body”.

Cleansing fasts have been traditionally used by many practitioners to help alleviate the symptoms of many other ailments. It is believed in some systems of alternative and folk medicine that many ailments and diseases begin in the intestines and it is only through purging this system that disease can be reversed and or prevented.

This is where the ingredients some into play. Lemon is used to break up mucus, because it is believed to cause disease; Cayenne pepper is also used to break up additional mucus and to scrub clean the digestive, respiratory, and circulatory systems; and maple syrup supplies the body with both energy and nutrients.


This “diet” was clearly not designed or intended to be a traditional diet, but in our diet-obsessed society it has become a tool for this result. However, this cayenne pepper diet relies very heavily on ketosis, which is another name for starvation. This type of weight loss is not sustainable and is incredibly short lived. It usually returns when dieters start eating again. There are also side effects associated with this process which includes: renal problems, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, elevated blood lipid levels, hypertension, cardiac problems, constipation, fatigue, weakness and bad breath for some.

• None

• Uses Ketosis to create weight loss
• Not intended to be a true “diet”
• Potentially dangerous side effects

Final Thoughts

Clearly this is not a diet system, but a cleanse used by practitioners of alternative medicine to help users relive ailments by cleaning out their digestive system. We can in no way recommend this as a diet, because of the side effects associated with it, as well as its inability to generate sustainable weight loss. Any weight loss achieved on this diet will quickly be gained back as soon as the fasting ends.

Dieters who are interested in addressing weight loss through holistic methods may want to seek out holistically based supplements which use a good appetite suppressant, such as Hoodia; which has been shown to effectively and safely be able to help dieters manage their hunger. It can do this because of a molecule known as “p57” which has been shown to be able to convince the brain that the stomach is full. Also, many consumers have achieved good results while using Advantra-Z a thermogenic agent which can boost metabolism and fat burning abilities in users-safely and effectively.

Walking Pneumonia

Walking pneumonia, also called atypical pneumonia or mycoplasma pneumonia, is a type of pneumonia caused by certain types of bacteria.

Causes And At Risk Groups

Walking pneumonia is commonly caused by the legionella pneumophila, mycoplasma pneumoniae, or chlamydophila pneumoniae bacteria. Legionella walking pneumonia only accounts for around 6% of pneumonias. Those with chronic illnesses, a weakened immune system, smokers, and older adults are at the highest risk. On the other hand, mycoplasma walking pneumonia primarily affects younger patients, but is also associated with certain neurological conditions, rashes, and anemia. Chlamydia related walking pneumonia accounts for around 15% of all types of pneumonia. It is a form of walking pneumonia that can occur year-round.


Do you know pneumonia is contagious or not and what the symptoms are. The symptoms in walking pneumonia are generally milder than other types pneumonia and do not typically have the rapid onset that many other types of pneumonia are associated with. However, even symptoms of walking pneumonia can be severe. General symptoms might include:

Shortness of breath
Rapid breathing
General feeling of being ill
Appetite loss
Muscle stiffness and aching

Testing And Diagnosis

It can often be difficult to distinguish walking pneumonia from other respiratory illnesses, such as bronchitis, with a physical exam alone. If the doctor suspects walking pneumonia, a chest X-ray is usually the first diagnostic test. In severe cases of walking pneumonia, a complete blood count, blood culture and sensitivity, bronchoscopy, urinalysis, and sputum culture might be ordered.


Mild cases of walking pneumonia are treated with oral antibiotics at home. In severe cases of walking pneumonia, the doctor might admit the patient a hospital for intravenous antibiotic therapy and oxygen administration. Common antibiotics include:



Walking pneumonia does not have a vaccine. Aside from infection control methods, such as proper hand washing and covering the face when sneezing or coughing, there are not any effective measures for prevention.


Antibiotic therapy is usually an effective treatment for all forms of walking pneumonia. There is a slight chance that the infection will return if antibiotics are used less than 2 weeks for patients with walking pneumonia due to mycoplasma or chlamydophila. Walking pneumonia due to Legionella can occasionally be severe, especially in patients that are elderly or have already weakened immune systems. Lung failure can be a complication of walking pneumonia. Hemolytic anemia can also be a complication, especially in patients with mycoplasma type of walking pneumonia.

If you develop any of the above symptoms, contact your health care provider immediately.

Winter Skin Saviors

As soon as the weather changes a bit colder, my skin longs for the extra hydration.  For this reason, and the fact that I love to try new lotions, potions and the like; I am always on the hunt for a winter skin savior to soothe my super dry skin.

So far this year, I am loving the new Kiehl’s Creme de Corps Soy Milk & Honey Whipped Body Butter that I told you about last week.  In addition to that, I have been smoothing this new dream body oil from Clarins over my body after taking a bath, a few times a week.

Clarins Huile “Tonic” Oil is composed of 100% natural plant extracts and aromatic essential oils. I like to rub it over my skin while I am still wet and then pat dry off. It locks in moisture and leaves my skin silky soft, never greasy, with the wonderful light scent.

I asked my Twitter friends what they use in the winter for their dry skin. Here is what a few of them told me.

@15minbeauty, who is Christine from 15 Minute Beauty Fanatic said: “Cetaphil cream, hands down. It’s so thick and moisturizing. I’ve looked for an alternative, but nothing works as well.”

@1andonlyMelissa said: “Body butter/ hands down is insane. Im a product junkie n its best. Hand cream? I found BoEssentials store aftr a fam reunion n VA. Stumbld on Mistral handcream in boutique/FrenchQtr. Best accdntl finds!”

@karlaneese said: “I love Curel Intense Healing.”

@oldergirlbeauty, who is Paula from Older Girl Beauty said: “I slather on @MarioBadescu Super Rich Olive Body Lotion. Soaks right in & takes away my itchy’s!”

@LondonMUgirl from London Makeup Girl said: “Haus of Gloi Pumpkin Butter.”

@BeautyAlchemist, who is Diane from The Beauty Alchemist said: “Mine= Kiehl’s Imperial Body Balm. Major moisture, smoothing and smells amazing.”

I plan to explore these new suggestions, plus many more. I will continue to bring you my thoughts on the better ones that keep my dry winter skin hydrated.

Now it’s your turn. What is your go-to body cream for the winter?

Royal Jelly Benefits

The honey bee viscous substance that is secreted by worker bees for creation of new queen bees and constitutes the essential food for queen’s and all larvae in the colony.

This substance may have some tremendous royal jelly benefits regarding humans as a dietary supplement and other health concerns as well.

Claiming various health benefits because of components such as B-complex vitamins such as pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine).

The complete composition consists of 67% water, 12.5% crude protein, including small amounts of different amino acids, trace amounts of vitamin C.

This natural compound also consists of  11% simple sugars (monosaccharides), 5% of fatty acids, antibacterial and antibiotic components, containing many trace minerals, and some enzymes.

Health Benefits of royal Jelly

Medical research have demonstrated that Royal Jelly reduced total serum lipid ranges and total serum cholesterol in individuals with moderately elevated cholesterol levels.

Royal jelly supplementation improves lipoprotein metabolism in humans

Possible Royal jelly benefits with Postmenopausal Women – traditionally thought to improve menopausal symptoms. An open study performed on postmenopausal women led to a statistically significant reduction in postmenopausal women however, the study was an open, multicenter, uncontrolled, prospective observation study, no cause-and-effect inferences can be drawn until a randomized clinical trial is performed.

Effects of an herbal medication containing bee products on menopausal symptoms and cardiovascular risk markers –

Possible Health benefits of Royal Jelly with Liver disorders – decreased serum and liver total lipids and cholesterol levels in rats and rabbits and also retarded the formation of atheromas in the aorta of rabbits, total serum cholesterol levels were decreased by about 14%, and total serum lipids by about 10% in the group of patients studied.

Effect of royal jelly on serum lipids in experimental animals and humans with atherosclerosis

Possible Benefits of Royal jelly with Colitis – treatment significantly decreased the number of mast cells and reduced the area of colonic erosion in the colon of RJ-treated rats, these results suggest that oral treatment with RJ could be used to treat colitis. Effect of royal jelly on experimental colitis.

Induced by acetic acid and alteration of mast cell distribution in the colon of rats

Royal jelly Skin Benefits is also widely used as a component in skin care and natural beauty products for it’s anti-aging reversal effects. Containing nutrients and vitamins that support skin renewal and acids, royal jelly benefits by contributing to collagen production and promotion.