Common Dry Cough Causes

Many people with no information on dry cough causes may take it as a small issue and end up ignoring about it, while some may think it is a very serious disease and fear they might lose their lives. There are various causes about coughs I am going to discuss, to help you in taking the right steps while experiencing this kind of problem. One of the major dry cough causes is viral infections. If your cough is accompanied by other diseases, for example headache, fever and body ache, it is likely that your dry cough is caused by viruses. This requires quick doctor consultation, in order for the problem to be solved.

Another major cause is medication. This includes those people who use drugs for example blood pressure drugs. Another major cause is weather. This is caused by too much humidity in the air, which blocks or closes the mucus membrane which causes throat irritation leading to dry coughs. Asthma is also another major dry cough cause, where many people suffering from it, experience this dry coughs. These and more others are the major dry cough causes, and if you are experiencing dry coughs, it is important you see a doctor.

What are Tonsil Stones

Tonsil Stones: Definition, Causes, and Symptoms

This question is the commonly asked question by patients to doctor when they come to know that they have tonsil stones. Tonsil stone, which is also known as tonsillolith, is white or yellow coloured cluster of mucus and bacteria that get held in the back side of the throat. These stones are crypts that form in the narrow track or cracks of the tonsils. They may be hard and even painful in some people. Before getting into details of what are tonsil stones, and what are their symptoms it is important to know about tonsils.

Tonsils are cavity like structures in the backside of the throat. Tonsils are made of body tissues known as lymphocytes, which fight with the infection and improve immune system of a person by filtering out bacteria and other virus from throat. Surprisingly, many people do not at all know about the definition.

Causes:

Nowadays, what are the stones made of? It’s not a difficult and unanswered question anymore. Most of the medical experts believe that these tonsil stones are because of trapped food debris in tonsils along with bacteria and other material. This debris is calcified or hardened like stones called tonsilloliths. Many people have small tonsil stones and having large and calcified stone is rare, but possible in few cases.

Symptoms:

The question after what are tonsil stones made of, is followed by what are its symptoms. In case of small stones, the symptoms are not present or are not noticeable. However, in case of large stone formation in tonsils, X- ray or CT scan helps in diagnosis of such problem. Though there are many symptoms, some prominent symptoms are:

Sore throat– It becomes difficult to identify the reason of pain in throat when the tonsil stones are formed. It may be because of infection or because of the presence of stones. However, tonsil stone may cause pain in the region where it is formed. People sometimes mistaken tonsil stones as symptoms of strep throat.

White debris– These are white or yellow coloured solid lumps hidden in the layers of tonsils. These are usually food debris along with bacteria. You can detect them only with the help of non-invasive scanning techniques such as CT Scans.

Bad breath– Bad breath is the main indicator! A very bad smelled breath may be a cause of this condition. This smell is created due to mixing of volatile sulphur compounds and bacteria with postnasal drip. After thorough research, medical experts concluded that, the people having abnormally high levels of these compounds might also have tonsil stones.

What Causes Bronchitis

Acute Bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is caused by lung irritants and infection.The same viruses that causes the flu and cold are mostly the main cause of acute bronchitis. Occasionally, bacteria can also cause acute bronchitis.

There are Substances that can irritate your airways and lungs, thus raising the risk factor for acute bronchitis.

Some examples are; exposure to tobacco smoke, fumes, dust, vapors, or air pollution while inhaling, raises your risk for acute bronchitis. These lung and airway irritants usually make the symptoms worse.

Exposure to a high level of dust or fumes, such as explosion or a big fire, also may lead to acute bronchitis.

Chronic Bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is caused by repeatedly breathing in fumes and other lung irritants that irritate and damage airway and lung tissue. Smoking is the number one cause of chronic bronchitis.

Intake of air pollution, fumes and dust from the work place or environment can also lead to chronic bronchitis.

People who have chronic bronchitis goes through periods when the signs and symptoms become much more severe. During this period, they may also obtain viral or bacterial bronchitis.

Sources:

http://www.nytimes.com/

Walking Pneumonia

Walking pneumonia, also called atypical pneumonia or mycoplasma pneumonia, is a type of pneumonia caused by certain types of bacteria.

Causes And At Risk Groups

Walking pneumonia is commonly caused by the legionella pneumophila, mycoplasma pneumoniae, or chlamydophila pneumoniae bacteria. Legionella walking pneumonia only accounts for around 6% of pneumonias. Those with chronic illnesses, a weakened immune system, smokers, and older adults are at the highest risk. On the other hand, mycoplasma walking pneumonia primarily affects younger patients, but is also associated with certain neurological conditions, rashes, and anemia. Chlamydia related walking pneumonia accounts for around 15% of all types of pneumonia. It is a form of walking pneumonia that can occur year-round.

Symptoms

Do you know pneumonia is contagious or not and what the symptoms are. The symptoms in walking pneumonia are generally milder than other types pneumonia and do not typically have the rapid onset that many other types of pneumonia are associated with. However, even symptoms of walking pneumonia can be severe. General symptoms might include:

Shortness of breath
Rapid breathing
Chills
Diarrhea
Fever
Confusion
General feeling of being ill
Cough
Headache
Appetite loss
Muscle stiffness and aching
Rash

Testing And Diagnosis

It can often be difficult to distinguish walking pneumonia from other respiratory illnesses, such as bronchitis, with a physical exam alone. If the doctor suspects walking pneumonia, a chest X-ray is usually the first diagnostic test. In severe cases of walking pneumonia, a complete blood count, blood culture and sensitivity, bronchoscopy, urinalysis, and sputum culture might be ordered.

Treatment

Mild cases of walking pneumonia are treated with oral antibiotics at home. In severe cases of walking pneumonia, the doctor might admit the patient a hospital for intravenous antibiotic therapy and oxygen administration. Common antibiotics include:

Tetracycline
Fluoroquinolones
Erythromycin
Azithromycin
Clarithromycin

Prevention

Walking pneumonia does not have a vaccine. Aside from infection control methods, such as proper hand washing and covering the face when sneezing or coughing, there are not any effective measures for prevention.

Prognosis

Antibiotic therapy is usually an effective treatment for all forms of walking pneumonia. There is a slight chance that the infection will return if antibiotics are used less than 2 weeks for patients with walking pneumonia due to mycoplasma or chlamydophila. Walking pneumonia due to Legionella can occasionally be severe, especially in patients that are elderly or have already weakened immune systems. Lung failure can be a complication of walking pneumonia. Hemolytic anemia can also be a complication, especially in patients with mycoplasma type of walking pneumonia.

If you develop any of the above symptoms, contact your health care provider immediately.